Poverty Alleviation Through Economic Empowerment in Africa
There are many causes for poverty in Africa: conflict, famine, inequality, and lack of education. Often all of these reasons can be solved through economic empowerment. Women may suffer greatly, having children that must be supported, so women empowerment may also be an important focus.
Economic empowerment starts with education. Having the skills to learn how to grow food and manage a business will help the individual to be self-sufficient. Often the best way is to start a farm, such as the MAMF has done with its mushrooms farms in Cameroon.
Poverty is a major issue in countries that are sub-saharan. The GDP—gross domestic product—is often below 1500Frs per day. About forty percent of people in these regions live on less than a dollar a day. This results in malnutrition and poor health. Working becomes more important than schooling, thus perpetuating this vicious cycle.
It’s no surprise that many of these countries need assistance. Mortality rates can be high, and poverty is sharply increasing in many regions. The benefits of economic development must be taught to these populations. Many of these African countries have designed specific development visions and strategies to help provide sources of growth.
The MAMF initiative in Cameroon is one undertaking that is helping over 1500 female mushroom farmers to grow sustainable crops for the world-wide markets. Not only are mushrooms simple to grow, but they provide income to women, and help them escape the cycle of poverty. They are also able to have time to look after their families, who are then encouraged to achieve an education.
There are many other programs in Africa which are helping to alleviate poverty. Economic empowerment in Africa is the number one goal. Tanzania has a special focus, as this country was previously a low productivity agricultural producer. Not only can residents learn a trade, but the country can also obtain a healthy source of food through farming, instead of shipping in from an outside source. Outside sources of food are not only expensive, but only the wealthiest of people can afford it.
Economic empowerment will not only give poverty-stricken people in Africa a regular, year-round income, but provide them a means for purchasing other items they need to support their families. They’ll be able to purchase and have access to fresh, locally grown food. Having money to purchase things will provide a local boost to the economy, spreading the wealth around.
When the economy starts growing strong, more people will be encouraged to pursue an education, and be encouraged to start their own businesses.
It may take time to encourage change in Africa, but eventually the economy will turn around, and more people will be encouraged to work toward improving their continent.
To encourage economic empowerment, it takes a variety of skills. These may include finding land for farms, utilizing natural resources, finding labour, and even utilizing current technology. There must also be effective management to oversee the entire project. It may take time, but it’s possible to alleviate poverty through economic empowerment.